The permanent wave, or perm, as it has come to be known, has grown and developed over the years, from being a procedure that was extremely risky on your hair, to a much easier to deal with the process. This is the evolution of hairstyles.
The perm is done in two stages, the actual wrapping of the hair, and then the chemicals that break disulfide bonds in the hair so that it softens it. Even though it has evolved over the years, the perm is still harsh on the hair – no getting around it. The most important thing is to know what your hair type is because the protein chains get broken and then the hair expands and stretches as it takes shape.
It is critical to understand your hair if you are to understand what kind of procedure you are going to do. There are, of course, different kinds of hair, such as resistant hair, like gray or Asian hair that has low elasticity, and then there is fine hair which is hard to perm, and should be treated with an alternate perm. Of course, healthy hair that has good elasticity needs a mild acid. Hair that needs to be straightened needs to have a permanent relaxer or straightener applied so that the hair isn’t wrapped.
As I always say, if you are unsure, consult your stylist and get the right advice. It is far better to do that than to get “Hair from hell”. Before you consider getting the perm, consider your hairstyle, different hairstyles require different perms, whether it be a stylish perm or a home perm.
Make sure if you are getting a perm that you have considered all the possibilities and all the factors that will affect you, from hairstyles to types of perm, and from types of hair to what kind of product will best for you.
If you are doing a home perm, be sure to read the directions. They will tell you what kind of hair this product is best for, and what procedures to take before applying the product. Before you apply, make sure that you comb your hair thoroughly so that all knots are out. Then, when you sue the shampoo, (preferably a rich protein one), don’t use a conditioner as it will prevent the perm from setting.
When applying the product always wear rubber gloves, because the perm product isn’t meant for skin, and if it gets on the skin it can be very caustic resulting in damage to the skin, Vaseline is a pretty safe bet. Always protect the skin around your neck, and use the safety equipment recommended on the box.
If you are unsure about the application procedure, you can look up the best methods that are good for you, or ask your stylist. It is always best to” know before you go’ so that your hairstyle will always be the complement to your appearance.
Different Types Of Perms
Years ago perms were considered a necessary part of hair care. It most cases it was just a standard procedure that one had their hairdresser perform every few months. It was not a particularly enjoyable event that one looked forward to. The solutions used then were strong smelling or could be quite harsh on the hair.
All of these factors have changed today. There are many more options for obtaining curl without perms. The perms that are the market though are much more versatile, gentle, and not near as bad smelling.
Sometimes you will hear people say that having perms dries out your hair. What they are forgetting to realize is that they may be doing the very same thing and even more damage with their constant use of hair curling irons.
The modern-day perms, when done correctly and maintained, can be very beneficial with no damage to the hair. It will come down to what type of perm you want that will be the biggest decision. There are many home perms on the market as well, but for a professional perm that’s going to look its best then let a professional hairdresser do it.
If you are looking for curls that are durable and quite firm then you will require an alkaline perm. This is a great perm for those whose hair just doesn’t like to co-operate. On the other hand, if you want those soft bouncy curls then go with an acid perm. People often shudder at the word acid, when it comes to their hair. In fact, those particular perms are exceptional for sensitive or damaged hair. It will help to minimize future hair damage.
Some people just don’t want the amount of curl that many of the perms will produce. They are actually looking for something that will give their hair more life and body as opposed to curls. For these people, the perfect perm is body perm. The desired results for this perm are obtained by the choice of size of the roller that the hairstylist chooses to use. The bigger the roller the softer the effect and less curl, but still the body remains.
Some individuals become frustrated with their hair because no matter what they do it wants to lay flat with no character of its own. The root perm here is the simple solution for that problem. These perms are uniquely designed in that their action takes place on the root only by promoting lift and giving the hair some height. Along with the fullness it creates, it’s the perfect solution for the short flat hair than is often a frustration to many.
Along with these are many other varieties of perms that are sure to be able to address your specific needs.